Teutonic castles tour
Date: Saturday, 23rd March
Estimated time: ca. 8h
Cost: 50zł (ca. £10)
Toruń is located in the heart of the Chełmno land, or Culmerland; a region which history is inseparably connected to the Teutonic Order. In our trip we will see a couple of the most important Teutonic castles, learn the history of the region and explore its nature and landscape.
The first stop on our tour will be Golub-Dobrzyn; a small town located to the north-east of Toruń, near the Drwęca River. Teutonic castle built here is dated to the beginning of the 14th century. The castle was founded on the hill, which allowed the observation of a large area of the road from Torun to Brodnica, and still remains a great vantage point. In subsequent times, when the castle was captured and became the property of Polish kings, it was converted into a palace, and gained its Gothic-Renaissance character. In addition to the castle, we’ll visit a small market square with its residential houses and remains of fortifications.
Then, for a moment we’ll stop in Radzyń Chełmiński to see impressive ruins of a red brick Teutonic castle. The influence of Teutonic Order here was the impulse for the local nobility to start a movement to counter their pressure – the so-called Lizard Union.
Lastly, we will visit Grudziadz. A Teutonic castle once stood here; today however, only a reconstructed tower on a hill remains. The tower offers a beautiful panorama of the Vistula escarpment. Grudziadz has a well preserved medieval urban layout of streets, city walls and medieval churches definitely worth seeing. The city is also known for its granaries built in 13th to 17th centuries on the bank of the river. Amidst the younger architecture, its worth to see remnants of 19th-20th centuries forts and a 19th century tram depot.